Posts tagged imperialism.


Particularly in the United States, race has always played a central role in constructing presumptions of criminality. After the abolition of slavery, former slave states passed new legislation revising the Slave Codes in order to regulate the behavior of free black slaves in ways similar to those that had existed during slavery. The new Black Codes proscribed a range of actions — such as vagrancy, absence from work, breach of job contracts, the possession of firearms, and insulting gestures or acts — that were criminalized only when the person was black. With the passage of the Thirteenth Amendments to the Constitution, slavery and involuntary were putatively abolished.

However, there was a significant exception. In the wording of the amendment, slavery and involuntary servitude were abolished “except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.” According to the Black Codes, there were crimes defined by state law for which only black people could be “duly convicted.” Thus, former slaves, who had recently been extricated from a condition of hard labor for life, could be legally sentenced to penal servitude.

In the immediate aftermath of slavery, the southern states hastened to to develop a criminal justice system that could legally restrict the possibilities of freedom for newly released slaves. Black people became the prime targets of a developing convict lease system, referred to by many as a reincarnation of slavery. The Mississippi Black Codes, for example, declared vagrant “anyone/who was guilty of theft, had run away [from a job, apparently], was drunk, was wanton in conduct or speech, had neglected job or family, handled money carelessly, and… all other idle and disorderly persons.” Thus, vagrancy was coded as a black crime, one punishable by incarceration and forced labor, sometimes on the very plantations that previously had thrived on slave labor.

Mary Ellen Curtin’s study of Alabama prisoners during the decades following emancipation discloses that before the four hundred thousand black slaves in that state were set free, ninety-nine percent of prisoners in Alabama’s penitentiaries were white. As a consequence of the shifts provoked by the institution of the Black Codes, within a short period of time, the overwhelming majority of Alabama’s convicts were black. She further observes:

Although the vast majority of Alabama’s antebellum were white, the popular perception was that the South’s true criminals were its black slaves. During the 1870s the growing number of black prisoners in the South further buttressed the belief that African Americans were inherently criminal and, in particular, prone to larceny.

In 1883, Frederick Douglass had already written about the South’s tendency to “impute crime to color.” When a particularly egregious crime was committed, he noted, not only was guilt frequently assigned to a black person regardless of the perpetrator’s race, but white men sometimes sought to escape punishment by disguising themselves as black.

Douglass would later recount one such incident that took place in Granger County, Tennessee, in which a man who appeared to be black was shot while committing a robbery. The wounded man, however, was discovered to be a respectable white citizen who had colored his face black.

Angela Y. Davis, Are Prisons Obsolete? (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003), p. 28-30.

(via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)

Occupy Wall Street Protests Poised to Grow Rapidly With Union Support ›


The “Occupy Wall Street” protests, now entering their third week, are poised to get a whole lot bigger than its core of 200 to 300 people, potentially even exceeding the protesters original goals of 20,000 demonstrators, thanks to recent pledges of support from some of New York City’s largest labor unions and community groups.

On Tuesday, over 700 uniformed pilots, members of the Air Line Pilots Association, took to the streets outside of Wall Street demanding better pay.

On Wednesday night, the executive board of the New York Transit Workers Union (TWU Local 100), which represents the city’s all-important train and bus workers, voted unanimously to support Occupy Wall Street. TWU Local 100 counts 38,000 active members and covers 26,000 retirees, according to its website.


Chart from “Media Monopoly Revisited,” Extra!, October 2011 issue

Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR)




Occupy Wall Street - Police Arrive & Arrest, September 24

These are a few pictures I’ve grabbed from twitter. This all happened an hour before this post.  

What’s tragic about all of this is that it’s not happening in the Middle East or Europe - it’s right in our country. Peaceful protesters are being harassed by the local police. They’ve been arrested, pushed, and even told not to use umbrellas because of a “fire hazard.” 

A protest initially highlighting the greed of banks turns into a display of irresponsibility by local police forces. 

Please pray for the protesters and support them in any way possible. 

…Oh good. Something stupid is happening.

Deja vu. 

i just realized that my aunt might be out there right now…i should call her.

(via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)



“A Child’s View From Gaza”

An Oakland children’s museum, citing pressure from the community, canceled a planned exhibit of artwork by Palestinian youth ages 8-14 that depicted the Israeli assault during the 2008-09 Gaza conflict.

These are a few of the images.

Credit: libyanana for posting it on her wall. (;

Oh nice, I’m glad somebody made this post so I don’t have to.  The EI post on it is worth a read.

(via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)


All out 9/11 to stand with the Muslim people and resist U.S. imperialism’s terror wars!

Sunday, Sept. 11 - 1 pm - City Hall Park - New York City


Guerrillas move through the jungle during the Salvadoran Civil War

(via fuckyeahmarxismleninism)


The courage….

Never saw this picture in my history book!

Forever Reblog

Hells to the yes. Hell. To. The. Yes.

FUCK THE POLICE. Power to the people.

(via amodernmanifesto)